Flu season will look different this year, as the country grapples with a coronavirus pandemic that has killed more than 234,000 people. Many Americans are reluctant to visit a doctor’s office and public health officials worry people will shy away from being immunized.
Although sometimes incorrectly regarded as just another bad cold, flu also kills tens of thousands of people in the U.S. each year, with the very young, the elderly, and those with underlying conditions the most vulnerable. When coupled with the effects of COVID-19, public health experts say it’s more important than ever to get a flu shot.
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It might seem far-fetched that a vaccine designed to protect against one infection could protect against others, too. But a growing body of research suggests that this does, in fact, occur through a process called “trained innate immunity.” Vaccines are known to work by stimulating the adaptive immune system, causing the body to make antibodies that can recognize and attack a specific pathogen if it is encountered again. But recent studies suggest that some vaccines also train the body’s faster-acting and less specific innate immune system, improving its ability to fight off many kinds of infections.
U.S. health officials are urging Americans to get their flu shots this year in the hopes of thwarting a winter ” twindemic”-a situation in which both influenza and COVID-19 spread and sicken the public. But a new study suggests that there could be another key reason to get a flu jab this year: it might reduce your risk of COVID-19.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention warned yesterday that the coronavirus spreads more readily than it had previously stated, after briefly posting and then removing a draft of the same advisory last month. The new guidance warns that in indoor settings with poor ventilation, contagion can spread via microscopic aerosol particles well beyond the 6-foot social distance many Americans have been observing.
A group of infectious-disease physicians and aerosol experts, in a letter published Monday in the journal Science, more strongly emphasized the airborne potential of the virus than the CDC did in its update.
COVID-19 testing is available free of charge for Free Clinic patients. Please call us at 540-948-3667 for more information.
The update officially acknowledges growing evidence that under certain conditions, people farther than six feet apart can become infected by tiny droplets and particles that float in the air for minutes and hours, and that they play a role in the pandemic.
After cardiovascular disease, diabetes is the second most common underlying health condition associated with severe outcomes in COVID-19 patients, making people with diabetes six times more likely to be hospitalized and 12 times more likely to die than those without pre-existing, underlying conditions, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
But having diabetes under control can make all the difference.
AHA News: Controlling Diabetes Takes on Greater Urgency During COVID-19 Pandemic - Drugs.com MedNews
Uncontrolled blood sugar is dangerous at any time. But with mounting evidence showing that COVID-19 places people with diabetes at higher risk for severe illness
It’s been just over six months since the first known case of coronavirus surfaced in China, and less than that since the threat of the virus overtook normal life stateside and phrases like “social distancing” and “contact tracing” became lodged in our collective vocabulary. From rising unemployment statistics to promising drug trials, new information about this pandemic emerges constantly, and dozens of theories about how the disease spreads and can be treated get advanced or disproven on any given day. In recent weeks, debates have raged about everything from reopening schools to whether “COVID parties” are a thing (they’re not!). We’ve put together a guide to everything you need to know about this pandemic—be it how to keep your children entertained or how this outbreak is affecting the economy.
The coronavirus has mutated since it started spreading late last year, and a variant known as “G” is now dominant across the United States and the world. “The mutation doesn’t appear to make people sicker, but a growing number of scientists worry that it has made the virus more contagious,” our science desk wrote. Read the story to learn what makes coronavirus G different from the original version — and potentially more dangerous.
This coronavirus mutation has taken over the world. Scientists are trying to understand why.
A mutation that seems trivial could be making the virus spread more easily.
•Safer at home—especially if you are vulnerable
•No social gatherings of more than 250 individuals
•Continued social distancing
•Face coverings required in indoor public spaces
•Expanded business operations
The CDC estimates more than a third of coronavirus patients don’t have any symptoms at all, and 40% of virus transmission happens before people feel sick. The figures are part of the agency’s new guidance for mathematical modelers and public health officials and are not supposed to be predictions of how many people could have or contract Covid-19. The CDC has also released mortality figures and scenarios intended to help public health preparedness. Under the most severe of the five scenarios outlined, the CDC lists asymptomatic case fatality ratio of 0.01, meaning that 1% of people overall with Covid-19 and symptoms would die. But some experts say the figures lowball the proportion of people who are succumbing to the disease.
CDC estimates that 35% of coronavirus patients don’t have symptoms
Elizabeth Cohen breaks down how vaccines work, why they keep us safe and why they’re most effective when everyone gets them.
1. Limit your exposure to depressing or stressful content. This means in the media, books, movies, newspapers, and TV shows. No more than one hour per day – and yes, that includes information about the coronavirus. Limit screen time, and increase reading; visuals are much more powerful emotionally. Increase content exposure to pleasant things.
2. Look for silver linings. For example, if you are staying home, is it spending time with your children or your pets, gardening, etc.? Cook a special meal or chocolate chip cookies. Work outside if it’s a nice day. Take that 15-minute break and go for a walk. Play more card games or board games. Eat virtual meals with friends. Connect with a friend you have not talked with recently.
3. Focus on what you can control, and try to let go of what you can’t. Take a sheet of paper and draw a line down the middle. Write at the top what is causing you stress. On the left column, write “What I can control”, and on the right column, write “What I can’t control”. Put your efforts into the things you can control, and don’t waste time and energy on what you can’t. Do things that make you feel effective. At the end of the day, note the things you have accomplished.
4. Start a gratitude journal. Write down 3 things each day you are grateful for, and write down different ones every day. Do this for at least 3 weeks. 21 days of gratitude journaling has been found to be an effective antidepressant for more than a year.
5. Limit junk food intake. When you are stressed, sugar, salt, and fat taste much better; unfortunately, they also make your body feel worse. Limit all processed foods, and use fresh or frozen foods as much as possible. Remember that food is mood, and if you want to feel good, you have to eat well. Your body will thank you.
6. Focus on what you can do now, and don’t worry about what you have to do tomorrow. It will come anyway, and you can focus on it then. If you worry, then set aside 15-30 minutes for Worry Time. When it comes, just worry, and only worry. The rest of your day, focus on what you can do today. If worries come, write them down and worry about them tomorrow during your Worry Time.
7. Be kind to yourself. Say nice things to yourself. Remind yourself that you are doing as much as you can. Remind yourself that this will pass. Take those 15-minute breaks instead of working.
8. Get 3-4 hours of aerobic exercise every week, at least 30 minutes at a time split into at least 3 different days. Exercise is a natural antidepressant. Try to get some of it outside, especially in the morning, as morning sunlight is also a natural antidepressant. Walk, run, or bicycle. Get some fresh air.
9. Practice mindfulness meditation every day. Daily meditation lasting 20-45 minutes for 8 weeks has been shown to change your brain, leading it to become calmer in the face of stress. Use a free meditation app to guide you like the VA Mindfulness Coach app or Stop, Breathe, and Think, or go online for guided mindfulness meditations.
10. Get 6.5-7.5 hours of sleep each night. Less sleep than that makes you irritable, tired, less productive, and less effective. Try not to nap more than 20 minutes/day, as that disrupts your sleep cycle. Try to be consistent about when you go to bed and when you wake up; your body likes routine.
11. Plan at least one pleasant thing to do every day. Most of the time, nice things don’t just happen to you. If you don’t plan it, it won’t happen. Make a list of things you enjoy doing so that you can easily choose among them. Take this opportunity to do things you have wanted to do, but you haven’t gotten to yet.
12. Self-soothe with your senses. Look at pretty pictures and pictures and videos of people, places, and pets that you love. Listen to calming or uplifting music, and avoid the blues and angry music. Fill your home with smells like those from candles, scents, and foods. Savor your favorite foods, eating them slowly, and really tasting them. Take long baths and pet your pets for at least 20 minutes. Petting a dog for 20 minutes has been shown to lower your heart rate and blood pressure, so it decreases your stress level. Your dog will love you for it, too.
13. Engage in a hobby that has nothing to do with work or relationships. That way, when other things in your life are stressful or not going well, you can still enjoy your hobby. If you don’t have a hobby, it’s a great time to start one. Try doing something you’ve always wanted to do.
14. Practice yoga. It has both physical and mental health benefits, such as reducing anxiety and depression. Your body will thank you and you will feel better. You can find thousands of yoga videos on YouTube to follow along.
15. Everyone needs at least one person in whom you can confide: a family member, friend, minister, priest, rabbi, or therapist. Talk with them about how you are feeling. Use the one you have, or reach out to someone. Whoever it is, they need to be a good listener and nonjudgmental.
16. Ask yourself two important questions: What gives you joy? What gives you meaning? Make lists for each. Increase the amount of time you spend doing both. Decrease the amount of time that you do things that are not on these lists and not things you have to do.
17. Develop a self-care action plan. Split it into five sections: mental, physical, emotional, social, and spiritual. Do at least one thing from the plan each day, and one thing from each category each week. Use the ideas above to help you come up with your action plan, and add things that are helpful to you.
Symptomatic people are not the only way the virus is shed. We know that at least 44% of all infections—and the majority of community-acquired transmissions—occur from people without any symptoms (asymptomatic or pre-symptomatic people). You can be shedding the virus into the environment for up to 5 days before symptoms begin.
Infectious people come in all ages, and they all shed different amounts of virus.
The Risks - Know Them - Avoid Them
A Cough: A single cough releases about 3,000 droplets and droplets travels at 50 miles per hour. Most droplets are large, and fall quickly (gravity), but many do stay in the air and can travel across a room in a few seconds.
A Sneeze: A single sneeze releases about 30,000 droplets, with droplets traveling at up to 200 miles per hour. Most droplets are small and travel great distances (easily across a room).
If a person is infected, the droplets in a single cough or sneeze may contain as many as 200,000,000 (two hundred million) virus particles which can all be dispersed into the environment around them.
Scientists have identified a new strain of the coronavirus that has become dominant worldwide and appears to be more contagious than the versions that spread in the early days of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new study led by scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory.
In addition to spreading faster, it may make people vulnerable to a second infection after a first bout with the disease, the report warned.
Scientists say a now-dominant strain of the coronavirus appears to be more contagious than original
A mutation in the novel coronavirus has led to a new strain viewed as more contagious than the virus that emerged from China, according to a study led by Los Alamos researchers.